# Astronomical Techniques

More discussion of error propagation. Started planning class projects and discussed hypothesis testing.

# Numerical MHD

Still working on bug hunting. I tested a bunch of different things and finally found the bug that was causing the \( B_x \) field to update. There was a copy/paste error in the CT field calculations and I was using the wrong velocity for one of the upwinding steps. My next step is going to be trying out simple waves. I’ll be using the wave tests from ATHENA++ which are detailed in Gardiner & Stone 2005. The initial conditions are given by

\[\vec{U} = \vec{\bar{U}} + A \vec{R_k} \cos\left(2\pi x\right).\]Where \( \vec{U} \) is the initial condition in conserved variables and follows the usual density, momentum, magnetic field, energy ordering, \(\vec{\bar{U}} \) is the constant background state that is being pertubed by the wave, \( A \) is the amplitude of the wave/perturbation, \( R_k \) is the right eigenvector and depends on the wave, and \( x \) is the position in space. Magnetic fields will have to be implemented slightly differently than the other components because they’re at slightly different positions (cell faces rather than centers). \( R_k \) is in conserved variables with the order \( \left( \rho, \rho v_1, \rho v_2, \rho v_3, B_1, B_2, B_3, E \right) \)

Here are the values of the parameters

\[A = 10^{-6}\]In primitive variable \( \vec{\bar{U}} \) is

\[\vec{\bar{U}}_{primitive} = \begin{bmatrix} \rho \\ P \\ v_x \\ v_y \\ v_z \\ B_x \\ B_y \\ B_z \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 3/5 \\ 0 \text{(or 1 for the contact/entropy wave)} \\ 0 \\ 0 \\ 1 \\ \sqrt{2} \\ 1/2 \end{bmatrix}.\]\( \vec{R}_k \) for fast magnetosonic waves

\[\vec{R}_{\pm c_f} = \frac{1}{6\sqrt{5}} \begin{bmatrix} 6 \\ \pm 12 \\ \mp 4 \sqrt{2} \\ \mp 2 \\ 0 \\ 8 \sqrt{2} \\ 4 \\ 27 \end{bmatrix}.\]\( \vec{R}_k \) for slow magnetosonic waves

\[\vec{R}_{\pm c_s} = \frac{1}{6\sqrt{5}} \begin{bmatrix} 12 \\ \pm 6 \\ \pm 8 \sqrt{2} \\ \pm 4 \\ 0 \\ -4 \sqrt{2} \\ -2 \\ 9 \end{bmatrix}.\]\( \vec{R}_k \) for Alfvén waves

\[\vec{R}_{\pm c_a} = \frac{1}{3} \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 0 \\ \pm 1 \\ \mp 2\sqrt{2} \\ 0 \\ -1 \\ 2 \sqrt{2} \\ 0 \end{bmatrix}.\]\( \vec{R}_k \) for contact/entropy waves, make sure to set \( v_x=1 \) in \( \vec{\bar{U}} \) for this wave,

\[\vec{R}_{\pm c_c} = \frac{1}{2} \begin{bmatrix} 2 \\ 2 \\ 0 \\ 0 \\ 0 \\ 0 \\ 0 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}.\]# Other

- Attended the XSEDE webinar on profiling tools